By Douglas Wilson Johnson
From the creation . . .
"Do the mountains shield the military, or does the military guard the mountains?" the matter is an outdated, one, and has claimed the eye of army gurus in all nations and in all times.
Expressed in broader phrases, it's the oft-debated query as to the relative impression of topography upon procedure and strategies lower than altering stipulations of battle. it really is an ever-recurring
question, for every "revolution" in tools of wrestle brings in its teach a physique of opinion reason on demonstrating that, less than the
new stipulations of battling, topographic stumbling blocks have misplaced their value, strategic gateways now not exist, and commanding
positions not "command." Then, as opposing forces percentage within the new discoveries, or revenue in equivalent degree by way of new systems,
the primary significance of topography reasserts itself, and every aspect maneuvers for an useful place at the terrain
as one of many necessities to victory in battle.
The query remains to be a dwell one. The war of at the present time employs numerous innovations and technical units, each one of that may seem to lessen, if to not break, the impact of topography
upon army operations. What security is a river channel, whilst the fashionable army engineer can throw bridges throughout it in a couple of hours, defended by way of artillery that could achieve the enemy
many miles past the farther financial institution? What want has the artillery
for hill positions, whilst weapons at the moment are more often than not hid in valleys and ravines, firing with outstanding accuracy upon objectives
the gunners by no means see? With sound-ranging and flashranging units to identify enemy batteries, with airplanes and aerial photog'1lphy to find those and different ambitions and to exercise
surveillance over enemy routine, of what value is a paltry elevation of a few few tens or enormous quantities of toes, dignified in prior wars as "dominating heights?" So may perhaps one multiply,
indefinitely, queries the typical solution to which might appear to be that during the struggle of the current time the innovations of guy have lowered to insignificance the ro1e of Nature.
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